This map shows worldwide malaria deaths, 1990 - 2009.
Worldwide malaria deaths: 117,704 (Year: 2009)
Today (April 25) is World Malaria Day.
What is Malaria?
Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted via the bites of infected mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells (WHO 2010).
Signs and symptoms
Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines (WHO 2010).
Key interventions to control malaria include: prompt and effective treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapies; use of insecticidal nets by people at risk; and indoor residual spraying with insecticide to control the vector mosquitoes (WHO 2010).
12 years ago