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Military Conscription Policy by Country

Military Conscription Policy by Country
Country NameStatusNote
AfghanistanNo conscription22 years of age; inductees are contracted into service for a 4-year term (2005)
AlbaniaConscription exists19 years of age (2004)
AlgeriaConscription exists19-30 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (6 months basic training, 12 months civil projects) (2006)
AngolaConscription exists20-45 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 2 years; Angolan citizenship required; minimum age for volunteers - 18 for men, 20 for women; the MGA is entirely staffed with volunteers (2010)
AntarcticaNo active armed forces
Antigua and BarbudaNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
ArgentinaNo conscription18-24 years of age for voluntary military service (18-21 requires parental permission); no conscription (2001)
ArmeniaConscription exists18-27 years of age for voluntary or compulsory military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2007)
AustraliaNo conscription17 years of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription; women allowed to serve in Army combat units in non-combat support roles (2008)
AustriaConscription exists18-35 years of age for compulsory military service; 16 years of age for male or female voluntary service; service obligation 6 months of training, followed by an 8-year reserve obligation; conscripts cannot be deployed in military operations outside Austria (2009)
AzerbaijanConscription existsmen between 18 and 35 are liable for military service; 18 years of age for voluntary military service; length of military service is 18 months and 12 months for university graduates (2006)
Bahamas, TheNo conscription18 years of age (est.); no conscription (2008)
BahrainNo conscription17 years of age for voluntary military service; 15 years of age for NCOs, technicians, and cadets; no conscription (2008)
BangladeshConscription exists legally possible in emergency16 years of age for voluntary military service; 17 years of age for officers (both with parental consent); conscription legally possible in emergency, but has never been implemented (2008)
BarbadosNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service (younger requires parental consent); no conscription (2008)
BelarusConscription exists18-27 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (2005)
BelgiumNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; conscription suspended (2008)
BelizeConscription exists legally possible in emergency18 years of age for voluntary military service; laws allow for conscription only if volunteers are insufficient; conscription has never been implemented; volunteers typically outnumber available positions by 3:1 (2008)
BeninConscription exists21 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; in practice, volunteers may be taken at the age of 18; both sexes are eligible for military service; conscript tour of duty - 18 months (2006)
BermudaConscription exists18-30 years of age for voluntary or compulsory enlistment in the Bermuda Regiment; males must register at age 18; term of service is 38 months (2009)
BhutanNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
BoliviaConscription exists; when annual number of volunteers falls short of goal, compulsory recruitment is effected, including conscription of boys as young as 1418-49 years of age for 12-month compulsory military service; when annual number of volunteers falls short of goal, compulsory recruitment is effected, including conscription of boys as young as 14; 15-19 years of age for voluntary premilitary service, provides exemption from further military service (2009)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; conscription abolished January 2006; 4-month service obligation (2009)
BotswanaNo conscription18 is the apparent age of voluntary military service; the official qualifications for determining minimum age are unknown (2001)
BrazilConscription exists21-45 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 9 to 12 months; 17-45 years of age for voluntary service; an increasing percentage of the ranks are "long-service" volunteer professionals; women were allowed to serve in the armed forces beginning in early 1980s when the Brazilian Army became the first army in South America to accept women into career ranks; women serve in Navy and Air Force only in Women's Reserve Corps (2001)
BruneiNo conscription18 years of age (est.) for voluntary military service; non-Malays are ineligible to serve (2007)
BulgariaNo conscription18-27 years of age for voluntary military service; as of May 2006, 67% of the Bulgarian Army comprised of professional soldiers; conscription ended January 2008; Air Forces and Naval Forces became fully professional at the end of 2006 (2008)
Burkina FasoNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; women may serve in supporting roles (2009)
Burmaforced conscription of children, although officially prohibited18 years of age for voluntary military service for both sexes; forced conscription of children, although officially prohibited, reportedly continues (2007)
BurundiNo conscriptionmilitary service is voluntary; the armed forces law of 31 December 2004 did not specify a minimum age for enlistment, but the government had previously said each recruit must have a primary school-leaving certificate (2010)
CambodiaConscription existsconscription law of October 2006 requires all males between 18-30 to register for military service; 18-month service obligation (2006)
CameroonNo conscription18-23 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; no conscription; high school graduation required; service obligation 4 years; the government makes periodic calls for volunteers (2010)
CanadaNo conscription17 years of age for male and female voluntary military service (with parental consent); 16 years of age for reserve and military college applicants; Canadian citizenship or permanent residence status required; maximum 34 years of age; service obligation 3-9 years (2008)
Cape VerdeConscription exists18 years of age (est.) for selective compulsory military service; 14-month conscript service obligation (2006)
Central African RepublicSelective conscription18 years of age for selective military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2009)
ChadConscription exists20 years of age for conscripts, with 3-year service obligation; 18 years of age for volunteers; no minimum age restriction for volunteers with consent from a guardian; women are subject to 1 year of compulsory military or civic service at age of 21 (2004)
ChileConscription exists but not enforced18-45 years of age for voluntary male and female military service, although the right to compulsory recruitment is retained; service obligation - 12 months for Army, 22 months for Navy and Air Force (2008)
ChinaSelective conscription18-22 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with 24-month service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs (2009)
ColombiaConscription exists18-24 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; service obligation - 18 months (2004)
Congo, Democratic Republic of theNo conscription18-45 years of age for voluntary military service (2009)
Congo, Republic of theNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; women allowed to serve (2007)
Costa RicaNo active armed forces
Côte d'IvoireConscription exists18-25 years of age for compulsory and voluntary male and female military service; voluntary recruitment of former rebels into the new national army is restricted to ages 22-29 (2010)
CroatiaNo conscription, but legally possible in emergencyThe Croation government decided to suspend conscription from 1 January 2008 on. However, conscription is only suspended. According to the decision of the Croatian government, which is based on article 39a of the Defence Law, the suspension of conscription does not apply in cases of emergency or war, or if the Armed Forces cannot carry out their duty. Conscription also remains in article 47.1 of the Croatian constitution, which reads: 'Military service and the defence of the Republic of Croatia shall be the duty of every capable citizen of the Republic of Croatia'.
CubaConscription exists17-28 years of age for compulsory military service; 2-year service obligation; both sexes subject to military service (2006)
CyprusConscription existsGreek Cypriot National Guard (GCNG): 18-50 years of age for compulsory military service for all Greek Cypriot males; 17 years of age for voluntary service; women may volunteer for a 3-year term; length of normal service is 25 months (2009)
Czech RepublicNo conscription, but legally possible in national emergency or state of warConscription is suspended and it may be re-introduced if this is considered to be necessary by the government. In fact, the present Conscription Act maintains conscription in the case of a national emergency or state of war.
DenmarkConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscripts serve an initial training period that varies from 4 to 12 months according to specialization; reservists are assigned to mobilization units following completion of their conscript service; women eligible to volunteer for military service (2004)
DjiboutiNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; 16-25 years of age for voluntary military training; no conscription (2008)
DominicaNo active armed forces
Dominican RepublicNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service (2007)
EcuadorSelective conscription20 years of age for selective conscript military service; 12-month service obligation (2008)
EgyptConscription exists18-30 years of age for male conscript military service; service obligation 12-36 months, followed by a 9-year reserve obligation (2008)
El SalvadorSelective conscription18 years of age for selective compulsory military service; 16-22 years of age for voluntary male or female service; service obligation - 12 months, with 11 months for officers and NCOs (2009)
Equatorial GuineaSelective conscription18 years of age for selective compulsory military service; service obligation 2 years; women hold only administrative positions in the Coast Guard (2009)
EritreaConscription exists18-40 years of age for male and female voluntary and compulsory military service; 16-month conscript service obligation (2006)
EstoniaConscription existsobligation for compulsory service ages 16-60, with conscription "likely" ages 18-27; service requirement 8-11 months (2009)
EthiopiaConscription exists but not enforced18 years of age for voluntary military service; no compulsory military service, but the military can conduct call-ups when necessary and compliance is compulsory (2008)
FijiNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; reserve obligation to age 45 (2006)
FinlandConscription exists18 years of age for male voluntary and compulsory - and female voluntary - national military and nonmilitary service; service obligation 6-12 months; mandatory retirement at age 60 (2008)
FranceNo conscription17-40 years of age for male or female voluntary military service; no conscription; 12-month service obligation; women serve in noncombat military posts (2008)
French GuianaNo conscription
GabonNo conscription20 years of age for voluntary military service; there is no conscription (2009)
Gambia, TheNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
GeorgiaConscription exists18 to 34 years of age for compulsory and voluntary active duty military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (2005)
GermanyCompulsory military service suspended (on July 2011), but conscription still remains part of the constitution and available in the case of an emergency.18 years of age (conscripts serve a 9-month tour of compulsory military service) (2004). Germany's defense minister announced the nation will suspended conscription in July 2011, but conscription still remains part of the constitution and available in the case of an emergency.
GhanaNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
GreeceConscription exists19-45 years of age for compulsory military service; during wartime the law allows for recruitment beginning January of the year of inductee's 18th birthday, thus including 17 year olds; 17 years of age for volunteers; conscript service obligation - 1 year for all services; women are eligible for voluntary military service (2008)
GrenadaNo active armed forces
GuatemalaConscription existsall male citizens between the ages of 18 and 50 are liable for military service; conscript service obligation varies from 12 to 24 months; women can serve as officers (2009)
GuineaConscription exists18-25 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; 18-month conscript service obligation (2009)
Guinea-BissauSelective conscription18-25 years of age for selective compulsory military service; 16 years of age or younger with parental consent, for voluntary service (2009)
GuyanaNo conscription18-25 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
HaitiNo active armed forces
Holy See (Vatican City)No active armed forces
HondurasNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary 2 to 3-year military service (2004)
HungaryNo conscription18-50 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; 6-month service obligation (2008)
IcelandNo active armed forces
IndiaNo conscription16 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; women officers allowed in noncombat roles only (2008)
IndonesiaSelective conscription18 years of age for selective compulsory and voluntary military service; 2-year conscript service obligation, with reserve obligation to age 45 (officers); Indonesian citizens only (2008)
IranConscription exists19 years of age for compulsory military service; 16 years of age for volunteers; 17 years of age for Law Enforcement Forces; 15 years of age for Basij Forces (Popular Mobilization Army); conscript military service obligation - 18 months; women exempt from military service (2008)
IraqNo conscription18-49 years of age for voluntary military service (2008)
IrelandNo conscription17-25 years of age for male or female voluntary military service (17-27 years of age for the Naval Service); enlistees 16 years of age can be recruited for apprentice specialist positions; maximum obligation 12 years; 17-35 years of age for the Reserve Defense Forces; EU citizenship or 5-year residence in Ireland required (2008)
IsraelConscription exists (for Jews and Druzes only)18 years of age for compulsory (Jews, Druzes) and voluntary (Christians, Muslims, Circassians) military service; both sexes are obligated to military service; conscript service obligation - 36 months for enlisted men, 21 months for enlisted women, 48 months for officers; reserve obligation to age 41-51 (men), 24 (women) (2008)
ItalyNo conscription18-27 year of age for voluntary military service; conscription abolished January 2005; women may serve in any military branch; 10-month service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 45 (Army and Air Force) or 39 (Navy) (2006)
JamaicaYounger recruits may be conscripted with parental consent18 years of age for voluntary military service; younger recruits may be conscripted with parental consent (2001)
JapanNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service (2001)
JordanNo conscription17 years of age for voluntary military service; male conscription at age 18 - suspended in 1999 - resurrected in July 2007 in order to provide youth training necessary for job market needs; all males under age 37 are required to register; women not subject to conscription, but can volunteer to serve in non-combat military positions in the Royal Jordanian Arab Army Women's Corps (2009)
KazakhstanConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 2 years; minimum age for volunteers NA (2004)
KenyaNo conscription18 years of age (est.) for voluntary service, with a 9-year obligation (2007)
KiribatiNo active armed forces
Korea, NorthConscription exists17 years of age (2004)
Korea, SouthConscription exists20-30 years of age for compulsory military service, with middle school education required; conscript service obligation - less than 22 months (Army, Marines), approx. 25 months (Air Force) (to be reduced to 18 months beginning 2016); 18-26 years of age for voluntary military service; women, in service since 1950, admitted to 7 service branches, including infantry, but excluded from artillery, armor, anti-air, and chaplaincy corps; some 4,000 women serve as commissioned and noncommissioned officers, approx. 2.3% of all officers (2009)
KuwaitConscription exists18-30 years of age for compulsory and 18-25 years of age for voluntary military service; women age 18-30 may be subject to compulsory military service; conscription suspended in 2001 (2009)
KyrgyzstanConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory military service (2001)
LaosConscription exists15 years of age for compulsory military service; minimum 18-month conscript service obligation (2006)
LatviaNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary male and female military service; conscription abolished January 2007; under current law, every citizen is entitled to serve in the armed forces for life (2009)
LebanonNo conscription18-30 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2007)
LesothoNo conscription18-24 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; women serve as commissioned officers (2009)
LiberiaNo conscription16 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
LibyaConscription exists17 years of age (2004)
LiechtensteinNo active armed forces
LithuaniaConscription suspended, but legally possibleAs conscription has only been suspended on 15 September 2008, the laws governing conscription and conscientious objection are still in place.
LuxembourgNo conscription17-25 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; soldiers under 18 are not deployed into combat or with peacekeeping missions; no conscription; Luxembourg citizen or EU citizen with 3-year residence in Luxembourg (2008)
Macedonia [FYROM]No conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2007)
MadagascarNo conscription18-25 years of age for male-only voluntary military service; no conscription; service obligation - 18 months (either military or equivalent civil service); 20-30 years of age for National Gendarmerie recruits (35 years of age for those with military experience) (2010)
MalawiNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; standard obligation is 2 years of active duty and 5 years of reserve service (2007)
MalaysiaNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service (2005)
MaldivesNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
MaliConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 2 years (2008)
MaltaNo conscription17 years 6 months of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Marshall IslandsNo active armed forces
MauritaniaConscription exists18 years of age (est.); conscript service obligation - 2 years; majority of servicemen believed to be volunteers; service in Air Force and Navy is voluntary (2006)
MauritiusNo active armed forces
MexicoConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory military service, conscript service obligation - 12 months; 16 years of age with consent for voluntary enlistment; conscripts serve only in the Army; Navy and Air Force service is all voluntary; women are eligible for voluntary military service (2007)
Micronesia, Federated States ofNo active armed forces
MoldovaConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory military service; 17 years of age for voluntary service; male registration required at age 16; 12-month service obligation (2009)
MonacoNo active armed forces
MongoliaConscription exists18-25 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 12 months in land or air defense forces or police; a small portion of Mongolian land forces (2.5 percent) is comprised of contract soldiers; women cannot be deployed overseas for military operations (2006)
MontenegroNo conscriptioncompulsory national military service abolished August 2006
MoroccoConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (2004)
MozambiqueConscription existsregistration for military service is mandatory for all males and females at 18 years of age; 18-35 years of age for selective compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary service; 2-year service obligation (2010)
NamibiaNo conscription18-25 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
NauruNo active armed forces
NepalNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; 15 years of age for military training; no conscription (2008)
NetherlandsNo conscription20 years of age for an all-volunteer force (2004)
Netherlands AntillesNo conscription16 years of age for National Guard recruitment; no conscription (2004)
New ZealandNo conscription17 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed until the age of 18; no conscription (2008)
NicaraguaNo conscription17 years of age for voluntary military service; tour of duty 18-36 months (2008)
NigerSelective conscription17-21 years of age for selective compulsory or voluntary military service; enlistees must be Nigerien citizens and unmarried; 2-year service term; women may serve in health care (2009)
NigeriaNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service (2007)
NorwayConscription exists18-44 years of age for male compulsory military service; 16 years of age in wartime; 17 years of age for male volunteers; 18 years of age for women; 12-month service obligation, in practice shortened to 8 to 9 months; although all males between ages of 18 and 44 are liable for service, in practice they are seldom called to duty after age 30; reserve obligation to age 35-60; 16 years of age for volunteers to the Home Guard, who serve 6-month duty tours (2009)
OmanNo conscription18-30 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
PakistanNo conscription17-23 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age 18; the Pakistani Air Force and Pakistani Navy have inducted their first female pilots and sailors (2009)
PalauNo active armed forces
PanamaNo active armed forces
Papua New GuineaNo conscription16 years of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription (2008)
ParaguayConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 12 months for Army, 24 months for Navy (2007)
PeruNo conscription18-30 years of age for voluntary male and female military service; no conscription (2008)
PhilippinesConscription exists (Alternative service available)18-25 years of age (officers 21-29) for compulsory and voluntary military service; applicants must be single male or female Philippine citizens (2007)
PolandNo conscription since 201018-28 years of age for male voluntary or compulsory military service; service obligation shortened from 12 to 9 months in 2005; conscription is to end in 2009; only soldiers who have completed their conscript service are allowed to volunteer for professional service; as of April 2004, women are only allowed to serve as officers and noncommissioned officers; reserve obligation to age 50 (2009)
PortugalNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; compulsory military service ended in 2004; women serve in the armed forces, on naval ships since 1993, but are prohibited from serving in some combatant specialties; reserve obligation to age 35 (2007)
QatarNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
RomaniaNo conscription18-35 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; conscription officially ended October 2006; all military inductees (including women) contract for an initial 5-year term of service, with subsequent successive contracts for 3-year terms until age 36 (2009)
RussiaConscription exists18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; service obligation - 1 year (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months training); reserve obligation to age 50; as of July 2008, a draft military strategy called for conscription to continue up to the year 2030 (2009)
RwandaNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Saint Kitts and NevisNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Saint LuciaNo active armed forces
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesNo active armed forces
SamoaNo active armed forces
San MarinoNo conscription16-55 for voluntary service in Voluntary Military Force (2006)
Sao Tome and PrincipeConscription exists18 years of age (est.) (2004)
Saudi ArabiaNo conscription18 years of age (est.); no conscription (2004)
SenegalConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 2 years (2004)
SerbiaNo conscription; Conscription exists is to be abolished in 201019-35 years of age for male compulsory military service; under a state of war or impending war, conscription can begin at age 16; conscription is to be abolished in 2010; 6-month service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 60 for men and 50 for women (2007)
SeychellesNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service (younger with parental consent); no conscription (2008)
Sierra LeoneNo conscription17 years 6 months of age for male and female voluntary military service (younger with parental consent); no conscription; candidates must be HIV negative (2009)
SingaporeConscription exists18-21 years of age for male compulsory military service; 16 years of age for volunteers; 2-year conscript service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 40 (enlisted) or age 50 (officers) (2008)
SlovakiaNo conscription17-30 years of age for voluntary military service; conscription abolished in 2006; women are eligible to serve (2007)
SloveniaNo conscription17 years of age for voluntary military service; conscription abolished in 2003 (2007)
Solomon IslandsNo active armed forces
SomaliaConscription exists
South AfricaNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; women are eligible to serve in noncombat roles; 2-year service obligation (2007)
SpainNo conscription20 years of age (2004); Spain abolished compulsory military service in 2001
Sri LankaNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; 5-year service obligation (2007)
SudanConscription exists18-33 years of age for male and female compulsory and voluntary military service; 12-24 month service obligation (2009)
SurinameNo conscription18 years of age (est.); recruitment is voluntary, with personnel drawn almost exclusively from the Creole community (2007)
SwazilandNo conscription18-30 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
SwedenCompulsory military service abolished, but the Total Defence Service Act will still remain in force and can be applied if required by military preparedness18-47 years of age for male compulsory or voluntary military service; conscript service obligation: 7.5 months (Army), 7-15 months (Navy), 8-12 months (Air Force); compulsory military service abolished, exclusively voluntary recruitment as of July 2010; conscription remains an option in emergencies; after completing initial service, soldiers have a reserve commitment until age 47; women are eligible for voluntary military service (2010)
SwitzerlandConscription exists19 years of age for male compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary male and female military service; the Swiss Constitution states that "every Swiss male is obliged to do military service"; every Swiss male has to serve at least 260 days in the armed forces; conscripts receive 18 weeks of mandatory training, followed by seven 3-week intermittent recalls for training during the next 10 years (2008)
SyriaConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 30 months (18 months in the Syrian Arab Navy); women are not conscripted but may volunteer to serve (2004)
TaiwanConscription exists19-35 years of age for male compulsory military service; service obligation 14 months (reducing to 1 year in 2009); women may enlist; women in Air Force service are restricted to noncombat roles; reserve obligation to age 30 (Army); the Ministry of Defense has announced plans to implement an incremental voluntary enlistment system beginning 2010, with 10% fewer conscripts each year thereafter, although nonvolunteers will still be required to perform alternative service or go through 3-4 months of military training (2009)
TajikistanConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2007)
TanzaniaNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service (2007)
ThailandConscription exists21 years of age for compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary military service; males are registered at 18 years of age; 2-year conscript service obligation (2007)
Timor-LesteNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
TogoNo conscription18 years of age for selective compulsory and voluntary military service; 2-year service obligation (2006)
TongaNo conscription18 years of age (est.); no conscription (2008)
Trinidad and TobagoNo conscription18 years of age for voluntary military service (16 years of age with parental consent); no conscription (2008)
TunisiaConscription exists20 years of age for compulsory military service, 18 years of age for voluntary military service; 1-year conscript service obligation (2007)
TurkeyConscription exists20 years of age (2004)
TurkmenistanConscription exists18-30 years of age for compulsory military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2007)
TuvaluNo active armed forces
UgandaNo conscription18-26 years of age for voluntary military duty; 18-30 years of age for professionals; no conscription; 9-year service obligation; the government has stated that recruitment below 18 years of age could occur with proper consent and that "no person under the apparent age of 13 years shall be enrolled in the armed forces"; Ugandan citizenship and secondary education required (2010)
UkraineConscription exists18-25 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months for Army and Air Force, 24 months for Navy (2004)
United Arab EmiratesNo conscription18 years of age (est.) for voluntary military service; 18 years of age for officers and women; no conscription (2009)
United KingdomNo conscription16-33 years of age (officers 17-28) for voluntary military service (with parental consent under 18); women serve in military services, but are excluded from ground combat positions and some naval postings; as of October 2009, women comprised 12.1% of officers and 9% of enlisted personnel in the regular forces; must be citizen of the UK, Commonwealth, or Republic of Ireland; reservists serve a minimum of 3 years, to age 45 or 55; 16 years of age for voluntary military service by Nepalese citizens in the Brigade of Gurkhas; 16-34 years of age for voluntary military service by Papua New Guinean citizens (2009)
United StatesNo conscription. Registration remains required (a draft can be readily resumed if needed)18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines) (2008)
UruguayConscription exists legally possible in emergency18-30 years of age for voluntary military service; up to 40 years of age for specialists; enlistment is voluntary in peacetime, but the government has the authority to conscript in emergencies; minimum 6-year education (2009)
UzbekistanConscription exists18 years of age for compulsory military service; 1-year conscript service obligation; moving toward a professional military, but conscription will continue; the military cannot accommodate everyone who wishes to enlist, and competition for entrance into the military is similar to the competition for admission to universities (2007)
VenezuelaConscription exists18-30 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; 30-month conscript service obligation; all citizens 18-50 years old are obligated to register for military service (2008)
VietnamConscription exists18 years of age (male) for compulsory military service; females may volunteer for active duty military service; conscript service obligation - 2 years (3 to 4 years in the navy); 18-45 years of age (male) or 18-40 years of age (female) for Militia Force or Self Defense Forces (2006)
YemenNo conscriptionvoluntary military service program authorized in 2001; 2-year service obligation (2006)
ZambiaNo conscription18-27 years of age for voluntary military service (16 years of age with parental consent); Zambian citizenship required; mandatory HIV testing on enlistment; no conscription (2009)
ZimbabweConscription exists18-24 years of age for compulsory military service; women are eligible to serve (2007)
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