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Countries Whose Capital is Not Their Largest City

Countries Whose Capital is Not Their Largest City
CountryCapitalPopulationLargest cityPopulationNote
AustraliaCanberra345,000Sydney4,500,000
BelizeBelmopan16,400Belize City70,000Note: Belize City was the capital until 1970.
BeninPorto-Novo223,500Cotonou761,100Note: Cotonou is the de facto capital with seat of government.
BoliviaSucre225,000Santa Cruz de la Sierra1,594,926Note: La Paz is the de facto capital with seat of government.
BrazilBrasília2,557,158São Paulo11,150,249
CameroonYaoundé1,430,000Douala2,000,000Note: Yaoundé is the second largest city of Cameroon.
CanadaOttawa812,129Toronto2,503,281Note: Toronto was the capital of the united Province of Canada from 1849 to 1852 and 1856–1858.
People's Republic of ChinaBeijing22,000,000Shanghai23,210,000Note: Beijing is the second largest city of China.
Côte d'IvoireYamoussoukro200,659Abidjan4,348,000Note: Abidjan was the capital until 1983.
EcuadorQuito1,397,698Guayaquil2,600,000Note: Quito is the second largest city of Ecuador.
IndiaNew Delhi19,000,000Mumbai21,000,000
KazakhstanAstana691,529Almaty1,420,747Note: Almaty was the capital until 1997.
LiechtensteinVaduz5,109Schaan5,806
MaltaValletta6,000Birkirkara21,000
Federated States of MicronesiaPalikir5,000Weno7,000
MonacoMonaco (Monaco-Ville)1,034Monte Carlo15,507Note: other cities-historical communes of country (La Condamine - 12,187; Fontvieille - 3,292) larger than capital also; at counts as cities-new quarters capital smaller than all other nine also (largest of them Larvotto - 5,443); all communes and quarters merged into one city de facto
MontenegroCetinje15,000Podgorica136,000Note: Podgorica is the de facto capital with seat of government.
MoroccoRabat627,000Casablanca4,150,000Note: Rabat is the second largest city of Morocco.
MyanmarNaypyidaw925,000Yangon4,346,000Note: Yangon was the capital until 2006.
New ZealandWellington386,000Auckland1,333,300Note: Auckland was the capital 1841–1865, and Russell in 1840–41.
NigeriaAbuja778,567Lagos7,937,932Note: Lagos was the capital until 1991.
PakistanIslamabad1,740,000Karachi18,000,000Note: Karachi was the capital of 1947–1958.
PalauNgerulmud271Koror11,200Note: Koror was the capital until 2006.
PhilippinesManila1,660,714Quezon City2,679,450Note: Quezon City was the capital 1948–1976.
San MarinoSan Marino4,493Dogana7,000
South AfricaPretoria2,345,908Johannesburg3,888,180Note: Cape Town (pop. 3.5 mln) and Bloemfontein (pop. 370,000) serve as legislative and judicial capitals, respectively.
SudanKhartoum2,207,794Omdurman2,395,159
Sri LankaSri Jayawardenapura Kotte115,826Colombo642,163Note: Colombo was the capital until 1982.
SwitzerlandBern122,925Zürich365,098
SyriaDamascus1,711,000Aleppo2,301,570
Republic of China (Taiwan)Taipei2,615,613New Taipei3,896,316
TanzaniaDodoma324,347Dar es Salaam2,497,940Note: Dar es Salaam was the capital until 1974.
Trinidad and TobagoPort of Spain49,000Chaguanas67,400
TurkeyAnkara3,763,591Istanbul12,782,960Note: Istanbul was the capital of the Ottoman Empire until 1922.
United Arab EmiratesAbu Dhabi896,751Dubai2,262,000
United StatesWashington, D.C.601,723New York City8,391,881Note: New York was the capital 1785–1790
VietnamHanoi6,500,000Ho Chi Minh City7,123,340Note: Ho Chi Minh City, formerly Saigon, was the capital of South Vietnam prior to reunification.
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